How Does Torque Wrench Works?
Usually, it puts you in an uncomfortable situation if you are talking to someone and they’re using terms or words of which you do not even know the meaning. So just before we start diving into learning what torque wrenches are, let us first start this article by knowing what a torque wrench exactly is.
Basically, torque wrench is a type of wrench that’s designed to be able to apply specific amount of force or otherwise referred to as torque to a bolt or nut. When average individuals have heard of the word torque, they often think of the engine’s horsepower. It is true that torque is referring to a rotating force like the wheels of a car but that term can refer to nearly anything in that case and not just the power of engine in your car.
Yet another example of this involves lug nuts that hold the wheels on an automobile. These lug nuts have a specific amount of torque in which they must be tightened. In the event that too little amount of force is used, they may come loose while you are driving which can lead to unstable wheel or worse, your wheel may come off. If they are too tight on the other hand, you are running the risk of something cracking that can cause some problems on the wheels. This being said, if these nuts should be applied with specific torque or amount of force, then using a torque wrench will come into play.
For the most basic type of this wrench, it has a small gauge showing how much force you’re applying. And in case of your lug nuts, cars often need 80 pounds of force, what you should do is put the wrench on and then tighten it until it shows that you are applying 80 pounds of torque and you are good.
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There are various types of torque wrenches as a matter of fact with the most basic being mentioned above. Normally, it simply uses a needle to be able to indicate the amount of force applied. There are also some that have mechanisms preventing you from over-tightening, which has a clutch that automatically disengage when you reach that certain amount of force. For this, it is preventing additional force to be applied.
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Then again, there are electronic wrenches which come with a digital display than an analog gauge. Also, there are hydraulic torque wrenches in the market which has the ability of applying significant amount of force by using hydraulics. Oftentimes, this type of wrench is used on bigger pieces of machinery where basic wrenches would not work.